As an instructional designer at a rural Community College in North Carolina, I have the opportunity to work with a variety of subject matter experts with diverse teaching experience.  When working with faculty on the development process I utilize backward design.  I detail the process I use with faculty when developing new online courses below.

Backward design flowchart tha shows you must identify the desired results , determine acceptable evidence and plan learning experiences and instruction.

Step 1

Determine Course-Level Objectives.

Step 2

Determine Module-Level Objectives that align with Course-Level Objectives.

Step 3

Identify Instructional Materials that directly support the Module-Level Objectives.

Step 4

Develop Instructional Methods or Activities that directly support Module-Level Objectives.  A course map is developed after steps 1-4 are completed.

Sample PHY 151 Course Map

Step 5

Determine which course design which includes the three principles of Universal Design of Learning: Engagement, Representation, and Action and Expression.

Getting Started with UDL_final

Step 6

Ensure all content within the course adheres to ADA regulations describes by Section 504 and the WCAG 2.0 guidelines.

Step 7

Ensure all materials comply with copyright laws.



Newcomer, B., & Lssp. (n.d.). Getting Started With Universal Design for Learning (UDL). Retrieved from

PHY 151 Course Map.  [Spring 2019] Developed by Lisa Knight, Physics Instructor at Central Carolina Community College.




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